Algeria

{tab Algeria}

Facts & figures

  • Full name: The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • Population: 36.5 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Algiers
  • Area: 2.4 million sq km (919,595 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Arabic, French, Berber
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 72 years (men), 75 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 dinar = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Oil, gas
  • GNI per capita: US $4,470 (World Bank, 2011)
  • Internet domain: .dz
  • International dialling code: +213

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{tab Leader}

 

Abdelaziz Bouteflika won the presidency in the 1999 polls and secured landslide election victories in 2004 and again 2009. He went on to win a fourth term in office in April 2014, despite doing no personal campaigning and rarely appearing in public after having suffered a stroke in 2013.


{tab Travel}

 

All non-Algerians need to apply for a visa to enter Algeria. Some nationals of foreign countries listed below are exempted from visa :

  1. Nationals from the following countries do not require a visa to travel to Algeria :

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Seychelles, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Yemen.

  1. Nationals of the States mentioned below, holding Diplomatic Passports do not need a visa to travel to Algeria :

Argentina, Croitia, France, Germany, Hungary , Romania.

  1. Nationals of the States mentioned below, holding Diplomatic or Official Passports (Passeports de service) do not need a visa to travel to Algeria :

  Albanie, Benin, Brazil, Cuba, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gréce, Guinea, Italy, Malaysia, Mali, Malta,        Mexico, Niger, Peru, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Senegal, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, Tanzania, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela, Vietnam.

  • Best Period:

Temperatures in Algeria reach extremes during the summer, and travelers will be more comfortable visiting during the rainy season, between October and March. It’s best not to visit during Ramadan: Algerians take the fast very seriously, and few businesses will be open. The timing of this holy month is based on the lunar calendar, and it shifts every year; check here to make sure that the time of your visit does not conflict with Ramadan.

  • Safety:

The Department of State recommends that travelers stay only in hotels with “adequate security.” That is a particularly good idea for female or solo travelers. When visiting any foreign country, keep track of your valuables, and stay alert.

{tab History}

The history of Algeria takes place in the fertile coastal plain of North Africa, which is often called the Maghreb (or Maghrib). North Africa served as a transit region for people moving towards Europe or the Middle East, thus, the region's inhabitants have been influenced by populations from other areas. Out of this mix developed the Berber people, whose language and culture, although pushed from coastal areas by conquering and colonizing Carthaginians, Romans, and Byzantines, dominated most of the land until the spread of Islam and the coming of the Arabs. The most significant forces in the country's history have been the spread of Islam, Arabization, Ottoman and French colonization, and independence.

 {tab Arts and Culture}

  • Music:

Various types of music are native to Algeria. One of the most popular, originating in the western part of the country, is raï (from Arabic raʾy, meaning “opinion” or “view”), which combines varying instrumentation with simple poetic lyrics.

  • Literature:

Algeria has produced many important writers. Some, such as the Nobel Prize winner Albert Camus and his contemporary Jean Sénac, were French, although their work was influenced by the many years they spent in Algeria.

  • Film industry:

Algeria has maintained a lively film industry, although filmmakers frequently have endured bouts with government pressure and, more recently, have been subjected to intimidation by Islamic extremists. The first major postcolonial production was the celebrated film La battaglia di Algeri (1966; The Battle of Algiers)

  • Famous monuments: 

The Monument of the Martyrs, or Makam Echahid in Arabic, opened in 1982 to mark the 20th year of Algeria's independence.

 

Timgad marks the ruins of an ancient Roman city. Many experts consider Timgad to be the best example of Rome's precise urban planning, the grid system.

 

Located in Algeria's capital city, the Casbah monument is a 2,000-year-old citadel located within Algiers. The Casbah is featured as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The monument has played a role in Algerian history for centuries, especially in the struggle for independence.

 

  • Architecture history

Algeria's architecture is interesting and diverse. Since the country has virtually always been a crossroads between east and west, it has seen many different cultural and architectural influences over the years. In ancient times, Algeria's strategic position meant that the major military powers of the time would do their utmost to gain control over it. As a result, Algeria has seen Phoenician, Roman, Vandal, Byzantine, Arab, Turk and French invasion, each leaving their own distinctive influence on the country.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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