Facts & figures
- Full name: State of Libya
- Population: 4 million (UN, 2012)
- Capital: Tripoli
- Area: 77 million sq km (685,524 sq miles)
- Major language: Arabic
- Major religion: Islam
- Life expectancy: 73 years (men), 78 years (women) (UN)
- Monetary unit: 1 Libyan dinar (LD) = 1,000 dirhams
- Main exports: Crude oil, petroleum products, natural gas
- GNI per capita: US $12,320 (World Bank, 2009)
- Internet domain: .ly
- International dialling code: +218
Libya's interim parliament elected Nuri Abu Sahmein as its chairman, and therefore de facto head of state, in June 2013, following the resignation of Mohamed al-Magarief.
Visa & travel advice
Consular Assistance - The Libyan consulate may provide consular services to Libyan citizens. This service includes, afford guidance in the scenario of an accident, the scenario of death, and arrange for next of kin to be informed, advice during disasters for example civil disorder and natural catastrophes and moreover witness and certify signatures and supply various other notarial and legal services, for which charges are payable.
Libyan Passport - Libyan citizens are also able to acquire the Libyan passport application form and procedures in order to Libyan passport or travel documents by asking the Libyan Embassy in London.
Libyan Visa - The Libyan Embassies and Consular Offices are the only Accredited Libyan Government Agencies, who are permitted to grant Libyan visas in a different country. any pitfalls come up when getting on flights or at Libyan ports of entry due to possible miscommunication, visitors are highly advised to apply with the Libyan Embassy and Consular Offices in United Kingdom to obtain Libyan visas prior to travelling.
Economical Affairs - The embassy in London handles the entire selection of bilateral and multilateral commercial affairs coupled with ecological, science and technology affairs.
- Best period:
The Libyan climate is divided between milder Mediterranean conditions and harsh desert heat. Tripoli, jutting out into the Mediterranean, experiences less extreme temperatures, although it can get very hot and humid during the summers. The winters are mild, and the thermometer never drops below freezing. Still, the city is close to the desert, and it can be hot and dry. The best time to visit Tripoli is from November to April.
You will usually be accompanied when you are in Libya because you must be with a tour company. You should feel safe most of the time. As is appropriate for travel in any country, especially cities, be alert about your person and belongings.On the road, be aware that Libyan drivers tend to go very fast. Always slow down at the checkpoints to prevent any negative exchanges with the armed checkpoint guards. Make sure that you are legally allowed to visit the part of the country you are trying to visit.
The history of Libya includes the history of its rich mix of ethnic groups added to the indigenous Berber tribes. Berbers have been present throughout the entire history of the country. For most of its history, Libya has been subjected to varying degrees of foreign control, from Europe and Africa. The modern history of independent Libya began in 1951.
The history of Libya comprises six distinct periods: Ancient Libya, the Roman era, the Islamic era, Ottoman rule, Italian rule, and the Modern era.
The Arab Renaissance (Al-Nahda) of the late 19th and early 20th centuries did not reach Libya as early as other Arab lands, and Libyans contributed little to its initial development. However, Libya at this time developed its own literary tradition, centred on oral poetry, much of which expressed the suffering brought about by the Italian colonial period.
- Film industry:
His work focuses on Arabic culture in general, and on Magreb literature and cinema in particular. His works include the novels Journey and Discover (1997), Critical Dimension (2000), and the non-fiction books on cinema named The individual man in the circle of adventure (1981) and Cinema. The horizon and the reality (1982).
- Famous monuments (more or less 3)
Attractions also include the Nymphaeum (Temple of Nymphs), the Severan Forum, the Great Colonnaded Street, the Temple of Jupiter Dolichenus and the Triumphal Severan Arch, built to commemorate the Roman emperor Septimus Severus, who was born here in 193 AD.
Known in Arabic as the Akhdar Mountains, this area is renowned for its beautiful scenery, which includes rolling hills, rocky outcrops, waterfalls and gorges.
This ancient Greek city dates back to the 7th century BC. Founded by Greeks newly arrived from what is now the holiday island of Santorini, the city was particularly renowned for its cultivation of science and philosophy.
- Architecture (3)
Libya's architecture is old, unique, interesting and diverse. Since the country is located in a strategically position in the Mediterranean- North africa, it has seen many different cultural and architectural influences over the years. In ancient times, Libya's strategic position meant that the major military powers of the time would do their utmost to gain control over it. As a result, Libya has seen Berbers, Greeks, Phoenician, Roman, Vandal, Byzantine, Arabs, Turks, Spaniards, British and Germans in world war2, and Italian invasion, each leaving their own distinctive influence on the country.